Organizing white-collar workers

4 stars based on 72 reviews

The tripartite EU agency providing knowledge to assist in the development of better social, employment and work-related policies. Trade unions may, for the purpose of analysis, be divided into a number of categories, as follows:. The earliest form of trade unionone whose membership is restricted to a particular category of skilled or craft workersfor instance, printers, carpenters and so on.

Membership of craft unions is usually restricted to those who have completed the recognised qualification for the craft or skill in question, frequently an apprenticeship. Being closed unions see belowcraft unions may be quite small: A trade union which has no form of restriction on categories of worker who may join. There are no limits on the industrial or occupational area of recruitment. As such, general unions are open unions see belowand tend to be fairly large.

As some trade unions move away from their original areas of recruitment, so they may become more like general unions; for example, the British-based union EETPU now amalgamated with the engineering union AEU to become AEEU which was originally a craft union, has now moved into a number of other sectors and recruited many semiskilled workers, thus having become closer to a general union than a craft union.

A union which confines its recruitment to white collar option trade unions uk particular industry or industrial sector, and aims to recruit all workers at all grades in that area. In attempting to recruit all grades of workers in the industry, industry unions are therefore vertical unions; however, the existence of the Communication Managers' Union blocks the CWU's white collar option trade unions uk to recruit managerial staff.

A union which confines its recruitment to particular occupational areas, many of which may require the holding of certain qualifications in the same way as craft unions. Occupational unions mainly exist in the white-collar area: Many Irish occupational unions are structured along the lines of grade or type of staff: Occupational unions also exist for workers in the health services, but these are more commonly referred to as professional unions.

Unions whose membership is restricted to members of the same or similar professional areas. Professional unions are thus another form of craft union, but members of these unions would regard themselves as being of a higher status. Examples of professional unions are the National Union of Journalists and unions representing health professionals, such as those white collar option trade unions uk doctors or nurses, and teaching unions. A union which recruits vertically through grades; in other words, workers from the lowest "shop-floor" grade up to management are recruited.

Many professional unions are vertical: The difficulty with vertical unions is the potential they contain for conflict between the grades, which may be manifested in different views on what union policy should be in a particular area, or even in cases where the management structure means that the workers in dispute and the managers against whom the dispute is taken are in the same union. A union which recruits primarily whitecollar workers, in other words, white collar option trade unions uk workers.

Whitecollar unions represent general clerical workers and workers from the services sector, including financial services. The main expansion in white collar option trade unions uk union membership since the s has been in this area. The largest white-collar union is the MSF, although the general unions have a large proportion of white-collar workers in membership, and trade unions representing clerical grades in the civil service and local government may also be classed as whitecollar.

Many writers feel that the approach to union structure using the categories listed above now has limited usefulness, since many unions may come under more than one category and in any case, the boundaries between the categories are vague. A simpler classification is the distinction between open and closed unions. An open union is one which imposes no restrictions on its area of organisation except, perhaps, those imposed by the ICTUand will recruit all workers in the white collar option trade unions uk where the employers operate.

A closed union, on the other hand, restricts its membership to particular categories: The aims of the two categories of union are very different: These categories of trade union are not fixed: Eurofound is an agency of the European Union.

Skip to main content. For current material see the European industrial relations dictionary. Click to share this page to Facebook securely. Click to share this page to Twitter securely Tweet. Click to share this page to LinkedIn securely.

Free trade account australia singapore

  • Starting option trading business dubai

    Binary options tick trading strategy for beginners pdf

  • Deposit withdrawal methods in binary options read heredity

    Binary options trading income secrets by palm beach county

Tradestation commodity futures

  • Options traded in the interbank market are known as

    Swing trading stocks for a living

  • Binary options trader bot free demo account uk

    The best binary fx option brokers in binary fx option

  • Day trading software comparison

    Binary options robot review vip account

Ripple trading platform in inr

14 comments Best trading platforms uk

Broker mit 60 sekunden trades

The tripartite EU agency providing knowledge to assist in the development of better social, employment and work-related policies. The live performance sector represents around 0. The sector is characterised by a high incidence of freelance and self-employed workers. Multi-employer collective bargaining is common and is an important mechanism for setting pay and conditions for work across the many trades in the sector.

There are 28, VAT-registered organisations operating in the sector in This compares with a national average of The full impact of economic downturn on sectoral employment is yet to materialise. The Arts Council funds regional and national projects, many of which are constituents of the live performance sector. UK Labour Force Survey http: Union representation in the live performance sector corresponds to its various constituent trades: According to its domain, does the union potentially cover, within the live performance sector, all types of the sub-activities, as follows?

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover, within the live performance sector, all of the following types of employees: Blue-collar workers and white-collar workers? According to its domain, does the union potentially cover, within the live performance sector, all forms of enterprises for instance: According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all size classes of enterprises within the live performance sector?

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all occupations within the live performance sector? According to its domain, does the union potentially cover part of the live performance sector in all regions of your country? According to its domain, does the union potentially cover workers with other than standard employment contracts within the live performance sector for instance, self-employed, temporary agency workers, fixed term contracts, freelancers, etc. According to its domain, does the union potentially cover employees outside the live performance sector?

How many active members in employment does the organisation have in total i. How many active members in employment does the organisation have within the live performance sector only? Please provide sources, if possible. Our total membership is 36, but many more performers will be covered by the minimum terms of our agreements. Members generally work in a number of fields across the creative industries — our total membership is 36, This includes 5, student members. Mostly self-employed — they vary from performers to writers to peripatetic instrumental teachers.

Yes — most members are self-employed. We also work with instrumental teachers who maybe on a fixed term contract, or working as a freelancer in an orchestra. Yes — as stated above — writers, composers, accompanists, instrumental teachers, session musicians, recording artists.

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover, within the live performance sector, companies pursuing all types of the sub-activities, as follows? According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover, within the live performance sector, all legal forms of enterprises for instance: According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover all size classes of enterprises within the live performance sector?

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover companies, within the live performance sector, in all regions of your country? According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover companies outside the live performance sector?

How many member companies does the employer organisation have in total i. How many employees work in these member companies in total i. How many member companies does the employer organisation have within the live performance sector only?

How many employees work in these member companies within the live performance sector only? Formally, in the region of firms. Many more will use ITC terms and rates of pay and will not be signatories to the agreement nor included via formal extension mechanisms. Both on an ad-hoc basis and on a regular basis at least once a year depending on the consultation. Contracts under this scheme are co-approved by the union Equity. Membership of SOLT is individual.

There are about members. Approximately 90 companies are represented in membership. All companies in membership unless they are covered by a single-employer agreement which will have terms at least as favourable as those in the collective agreement.

Unions in the sector tend to conform to either sectionalism or sectional overlap in terms of their domain patterns. Unions tend to represent a specific trade or activity in the live performance sector. Therefore, there is little or no overlap between unions in the sector. Due to the nature of the work, including the high levels of freelance and self-employment, it is difficult to determine the levels of workers with collective bargaining coverage in the sector. The level of coverage is also likely to be affected by seasonal and economic factors which will influence how many workers are employed for any given period.

Both forms are important to the sector as the informal extension of collective agreements would suggest. Single-employer agreements are generally appropriate where is possible to determine a more traditional employer-employee relationship, for example with salaried orchestral musicians or within the largest theatre companies where single employer agreements are used often.

The rules are generally based on what works for the sector, and on custom and practice. Multi-employer agreements cover a greater number of workers than single-employer agreements, although it is very difficult to express this as a percentile of all collective bargaining in the sector. There is no legal provision for extending multi-employer agreements in the UK. The ITC, SOLT and TMA are consulted by authorities on issues of skills development and training and on sector-specific health and safety concerns, entertainment licensing, the licensing of child performers, and immigration.

There are no statutory regulations requiring trade unions to meet criteria of representativeness in order to be entitled to conclude collective agreements, and there are no restrictions on which organisations may represent employees in collective bargaining.

The live performance sector employs a large proportion of freelance or contingent workers: The authors identify several distinctive features of union representation that are consistent with the data collected as part of this study:.

Consequently, unions in live performance tend to be organised along different lines to other sectors. Collective bargaining occurs at both single and multi-employer levels depending upon the nature of the activity within the live performance sector.

Collective bargaining occurs at a multi-employer level for a number of firms where more fluid forms of employment are common. For example, freelances who make up the cast and crew assembled and disbanded for one production or tour at a time are covered by multi-employer agreements. Evidence from the social partner organisations would suggest that the terms and conditions negotiated in these agreements are often applied in non-member contexts.

It is important to stress that there are no legal mechanisms for extending multi-employer agreements in the UK. Where an employer can more readily be identified there are also single-employer agreements in place. Eurofound is an agency of the European Union. Skip to main content. The representativeness of trade unions and employer associations in the live performance sector. The representativeness of trade unions and employer associations in the live performance sector Observatory: Social partners, Employee representation,.

Back to working life country profiles. Sectoral properties Economic background The live performance sector represents around 0. Performing arts No 2. Support activities to performing arts Yes 3. Artistic creation No 4. Operation of arts facilities Yes According to its domain, does the union potentially cover, within the live performance sector, all of the following types of employees: Yes According to its domain, does the union potentially cover, within the live performance sector, all forms of enterprises for instance: Yes According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all size classes of enterprises within the live performance sector?

Yes According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all occupations within the live performance sector? Yes According to its domain, does the union potentially cover workers with other than standard employment contracts within the live performance sector for instance, self-employed, temporary agency workers, fixed term contracts, freelancers, etc.

Yes According to its domain, does the union potentially cover employees outside the live performance sector? Yes If yes, what form of collective bargaining? Yes Is the consultation carried out… Within established tripartite structures How often do sector-related consultations occur?

To which national level organisations is the union affiliated? Performing arts Yes 2. Operation of arts facilities No According to its domain, does the union potentially cover, within the live performance sector, all of the following types of employees: Equity represents performers According to its domain, does the union potentially cover, within the live performance sector, all forms of enterprises for instance: Please indicate the type of membership Voluntary Is the union being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

Yes Is the consultation carried out… Within established tripartite structures Unilaterally How often do sector-related consultations occur? EuroFIA To which national level organisations is the union affiliated? TUC Source of information Trade union: Artistic creation Yes 4. Yes — in a live music performance According to its domain, does the union potentially cover part of the live performance sector in all regions of your country?

We also work with instrumental teachers who maybe on a fixed term contract, or working as a freelancer in an orchestra According to its domain, does the union potentially cover employees outside the live performance sector? FIM To which European level organisations is the union affiliated? Trades Union Congress Source of information Trade union via email: Our members are self-employed freelances and therefore not strictly speaking employees.