How to Get the Best Price for Your Used RV When Trading Up
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A mobile home also trailertrailer homehouse trailerstatic caravanresidential caravan is a prefabricated structure, built in a factory on a permanently attached chassis before being transported to site either by being towed or on a trailer. Used as permanent homesfor holiday or temporary accommodation, they are left often permanently or semi-permanently in one place, but can be moved, and may be required to move from time to time for legal reasons.
Mobile homes share the same historic origins as travel trailersbut today the two are very different in size and furnishings, with travel trailers being used primarily as temporary or vacation homes. Behind the cosmetic work fitted at installation to hide the base there are strong trailer frames, axles, wheels, and tow-hitches. In the United States, this form of housing goes back to the early years of cars and motorized highway travel.
The original rationale for this type trade mobile home for rv housing was its mobility. Units were initially marketed primarily to people whose lifestyle required mobility. However, beginning in the s, the homes began to be marketed primarily as an inexpensive form of housing designed to be set up and left in a location for long periods of time, or even permanently installed with a masonry foundation.
Previously, units had been eight feet or less in width, but inthe foot 3 m wide home "ten-wide" was introduced, along with the new term "mobile home". The homes were given a rectangular shape, made from pre-painted aluminum panels, rather than the streamlined shape of travel trailers, which were usually painted after assembly. The smaller, "eight-wide" units could be moved simply with a car, but the larger, wider units "ten-wide", and, later, "twelve-wide" usually required the services of a professional trucking company, and, often, a special moving permit from a state highway department.
During the late s and early 70s, the homes were made even longer and wider, making the mobility of the units more difficult. Nowadays, when a factory-built home is moved to a location, it is usually kept there permanently and the mobility of the units has considerably decreased. In some states, mobile homes have been taxed as personal property if the wheels remain attached, but as real estate, if the wheels are removed.
Removal of the tongue and axles may also be a requirement for real estate classification. Mobile homes built in the United States since Junelegally referred to as manufactured homes, are required to meet FHA certification requirements, and come with attached metal certification tags. Many people who could not afford trade mobile home for rv traditional site-built home, or did not desire to commit to spending a large sum of money on housing, began to see factory-built homes as a viable alternative for long-term housing needs.
The trade mobile home for rv were often marketed as an alternative to apartment rental. However, the tendency of the units of this era to depreciate rapidly in resale value [ citation needed ] made using them as collateral for loans trade mobile home for rv riskier than traditional home trade mobile home for rv. Terms were usually limited to less than the thirty-year term typical of the general home-loan market, and interest rates were considerably higher.
Mobile homes come in two major sizes, single-wides and double-wides. Single-wides are 18 feet 5. Double-wides are 20 feet 6. Triple-wides and even homes with four, five, or more units are also built, although not as commonly.
While site-built homes are rarely moved, single-wide owners often "trade" or sell their home to a dealer in the form of the reduction of the purchase of a new home. These "used" homes are either re-sold to new owners or to park owners who use them as inexpensive rental units.
Single-wides are more likely to be traded than double-wides because removing trade mobile home for rv from the site is easier. Trade mobile home for rv an EF1 trade mobile home for rv might cause minor damage to a site-built home, it could do significant damage to a factory-built trade mobile home for rv, especially an older model or one that is not properly secured.
Also, structural components such as windows are typically weaker than those in trade mobile home for rv homes. Many brands offer optional hurricane straps, which can be used to tie the home to anchors embedded in the ground. In the United States, these homes are regulated by the U. This national regulation has allowed many manufacturers to distribute nationwide because they are immune to the jurisdiction of local building authorities. There are, however, wind zones adopted by HUD that home builders must follow.
For example, statewide, Florida is at least windzone 2. South Florida is windzone 3, the strongest wind zone. After Hurricane Andrew innew standards were adopted for home construction. The codes for building within these wind zones were significantly amended, which has trade mobile home for rv increased their durability. During the hurricanes in Floridathese standards were put to the test, with great success.
Yet, older models continue to face the exposed risk to high winds because of the attachments applied such as carports, porch and screen room additions. These areas are exposed to "wind capture" which apply extreme force to the underside of the integrated roof panel systems, ripping the fasteners through the roof pan causing a series of events which destroys the main roof system and trade mobile home for rv home.
The popularity of the factory-built homes caused complications the legal system was not prepared to handle. Originally, factory-built homes tended to be taxed as vehicles rather than real estate, which resulted in very low property tax rates for their inhabitants.
This caused local governments to reclassify them for taxation purposes. However, even with this change, rapid depreciation often resulted in the home occupants paying far less in property taxes than had been anticipated and budgeted. The ability to move many factory-built homes rapidly into a relatively small area resulted in strains to the infrastructure and governmental trade mobile home for rv of the affected areas, such as inadequate water pressure and sewage disposal, and highway congestion.
This led jurisdictions to begin placing limitations on the size and density of developments. Early homes, even those that were well-maintained, tended to depreciate in value over time, much like motor vehicles. This is in contrast to site-built homes which include the land they are built on and tend to appreciate in value. The arrival of these homes in an area tended to be regarded with alarm, in part because of the devaluation of the housing potentially spreading to preexisting structures.
This combination of factors has caused most jurisdictions to place zoning regulations on the areas in which factory-built homes are trade mobile home for rv, and limitations on the number and density of homes permitted on any given site. Other restrictions, such as minimum size requirements, limitations on exterior colors and finishes, and foundation mandates have also been enacted. There are many jurisdictions that will not allow the placement of any additional factory-built homes.
Others have strongly limited or forbidden all single-wide models, which tend to depreciate in value more rapidly than modern double-wide models. Apart from all the practical issues described above, there is also the constant discussion about legal fixture and chattels — meaning that the legal status of a trailer is, or could be, affected by its incorporation to the land or not.
This sometimes involves such factors as whether or not the wheels have been removed. The city of Cleveland in the state of Mississippi —the poorest in the United States—has made efforts to eliminate its "run-down mobile trade mobile home for rv, which the city describes as "unsightly". The North Carolina Board of Transportation allowed foot-wide homes on the state's roads, but until Januaryfoot-wide homes were not allowed.
Under a trial program approved January 10,the wider homes could be delivered on specific roads, at certain times trade mobile home for rv day, traveling 10 MPH below the speed limit, with escort vehicles in front and behind. Manufactured Housing Institute asked the state Board of Transportation trade mobile home for rv to expand the program to allow deliveries of foot-wide homes within North Carolina. A third escort was required, including a law enforcement officer on two-lane roads.
Mobile homes are often sited in land lease communities known as trailer parks also 'trailer courts', 'mobile home parks', 'mobile home communities', 'manufactured home communities', 'factory-built home communities' etc. In addition to providing space, the site often provides basic utilities such as water, sewer, electricity, or natural gas and other amenities such as mowing, garbage removal, community rooms, pools, and playgrounds. There are over 38,  trailer parks in the United States ranging in size from 5 to over 1, home sites.
Although most parks appeal to meeting basic housing needs, some communities specialize towards certain segments of the market. One subset of mobile home parks, retirement communities, restrict residents to those age 55 and older. Another subset of mobile home parks, seasonal communities, are located in popular vacation destinations or are used as a location for summer homes. Newer homes, particularly double-wides, tend to be built to much higher standards than their predecessors and meet the building codes applicable to most areas.
This has led to a reduction in the rate of value depreciation of most used units. Additionally, modern homes tend to be built from materials similar to those used in site-built homes rather than inferior, lighter-weight materials. They are also more likely to physically resemble site-built homes. Often, the primary differentiation in appearance is that factory-built homes tend to have less of a roof slope so that they can be readily transported underneath bridges and overpasses.
The number of double-wide units sold exceeds the number of single-wides, which is due in part to the aforementioned zoning restrictions. Another reason for higher sales is the spaciousness of double-wide units, which are now comparable to site-built homes. Single-wide units are still popular primarily in rural areas, where there are fewer restrictions.
They are frequently used as temporary housing in areas affected by natural disasters when restrictions are temporarily waived. Another recent trend has been parks in which the owner of the mobile home owns the trade mobile home for rv on which their unit is parked.
Some of these communities simply provide land in a homogeneous neighborhood, but others are operated more like condominiums with club homes complete with swimming pools and meeting rooms which are shared by all of the residents, who are required to pay membership fees and dues.
Mobile home or mobile-homes are used in many European trade mobile home for rv to refer to fixed caravanstrade mobile home for rv cabinsand even large tents, which are rented by the week or even year-round as cheap accommodation, similar to the US concept of a trailer park. Like many US loanwordsthis term is not used widely in Britain.
In the UK static caravans, which have wheels and a rudimentary chassis with no suspension or brakes, are therefore transported on the back of large flatbed lorries, the axle and wheels being used for movement to the final location when the static caravan is moved by tractor or 4x4. A static caravan will normally stay on a single plot for many years, and have many of the modern conveniences one would normally find in a home.
Mobile homes are designed and constructed to be transportable by road in one or two sections. Legally, mobile homes can still be defined as "caravans". Static holiday caravans generally have sleeping accommodation for 6 to 8 people in 2 to 3 bedrooms and on convertible seating in the lounge. They tend towards a fairly "open-plan" layout, and while some units are insulated and centrally heated for year-round use, cheaper models without double glazing or central heating are available for mainly summer use.
Generally, holiday homes are clad in painted steel panels, but can be clad in PVC panels. Static caravans are sited on caravan parks where the owner of the site leases a plot to the caravan owner. Many of these parks are sited in areas that are prone to flooding and anyone considering buying a sited static caravan needs to take particular care in checking that their site is not liable to flooding.
Some park owners used to have unfair conditions in their lease contracts but the Office of Fair Trading has produced a guidance document available for download called Unfair Terms in Holiday Caravan Agreements which aims to stop unfair practices. Many Israeli settlements and outposts are originally composed of caravans Hebrew: They are constructed of light metal, are not insulated but can be outfitted with heating and air-conditioning units, trade mobile home for rv lines, recessed lighting, and floor tiling to function in a full-service capacity.
Starting inprefabricated homes, named caravillas Hebrew: Because of similarities in the manufacturing process, some companies build both types in their factories. Modular homes are transported trade mobile home for rv flatbed trucks rather than being towed, and lack axles and an automotive-type frame.
However, some of these homes are towed behind a semi-truck or toter on a frame similar to that of a trailer. The home is usually in two pieces and is hauled by two separate trucks. Each frame has five or more axles, depending on the size of the home. Once the home has reached its location, the axles and the tongue of the frame are then removed, and the home is set on a concrete foundation by a large crane.
Both styles are commonly referred to as factory-built housing, although that term's technical use is restricted to a class of homes regulated by the Federal National Mfd.